What To Feed Parakeets – Parakeets, also known as budgerigars or budgies, are charming and colorful birds that have captivated the hearts of bird enthusiasts worldwide. These small parrots are not only admired for their vibrant plumage and cheerful personalities but also for their unique dietary requirements. Proper nutrition is essential to ensure the health and well-being of your pet parakeet. In this guide, we will explore what to feed parakeets to keep them happy and thriving in your care.

Parakeets are naturally granivorous birds, which means their primary diet consists of seeds in the wild. However, to provide a balanced and nutritious diet for your pet parakeet, it’s important to diversify their food options. The cornerstone of their diet should still be high-quality parakeet seed mixes, which you can readily find at pet stores. These mixes often contain a variety of seeds like millet, canary grass seeds, and sunflower seeds.

While seeds are a staple, they alone are not enough to meet all of your parakeet’s nutritional needs. To ensure their health, you should also introduce fresh fruits and vegetables into their diet. Some parakeet-friendly options include leafy greens like spinach, kale, and Swiss chard, as well as fruits such as apples, pears, and berries. These provide essential vitamins and minerals that seeds alone may lack.

In addition to seeds and fresh produce, you can offer your parakeet commercial pellet diets designed specifically for their nutritional requirements. These pellets are formulated to provide a well-balanced diet and can be a convenient way to ensure your parakeet gets the essential nutrients they need.

What To Feed Parakeets

What food do parakeets eat?

They feed on seeding grasses far more than large parrots. In the wild they also eat fruit, nectar from flowers, insects and their larvae. And like the larger parrot species, they’ll also eat tree seeds, fruits, berries, buds and bark.

Parakeets have specific dietary requirements to ensure their health and well-being. Their primary food source is seeds, and a high-quality parakeet seed mix should form the basis of their diet. These seed mixes typically contain a variety of seeds like millet, canary grass seeds, and sunflower seeds.

A balanced diet for parakeets goes beyond seeds. To provide essential vitamins and minerals, it’s important to introduce fresh fruits and vegetables into their diet. Parakeets can enjoy a variety of these foods, including leafy greens like spinach, kale, and Swiss chard, as well as fruits such as apples, pears, and berries. These items add nutritional diversity and help prevent deficiencies.

Commercial pellet diets designed for parakeets are also available and can be a convenient way to ensure your bird gets the necessary nutrients. These pellets are formulated to meet the specific dietary needs of parakeets and can serve as a supplement to their seed-based diet.

It’s crucial to maintain a clean and fresh water source at all times, as parakeets need water for drinking and bathing. Additionally, some parakeets may benefit from occasional treats like millet sprays, but these should be given in moderation.

By offering a well-balanced diet that includes seeds, fresh produce, and possibly pellets, you can ensure that your parakeet receives the nutrition it needs to stay healthy and thrive. Remember to monitor their dietary preferences and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns about their nutrition or overall health.

What is the best parakeet food?

The #1 Best Overall parakeet food is the Kaytee Egg-Cite! Forti-Diet Pro Health Parakeet Food. Parakeet food can be purchased in a variety of mix and pellet forms. Ideally, the food should be fortified with vitamins and minerals to provide a healthy and balanced diet.

The best parakeet food is a well-balanced diet that provides all the essential nutrients these small birds need to thrive. A combination of different food sources is key to meeting their dietary requirements effectively.

High-Quality Seed Mix: A top-quality parakeet seed mix should be the foundation of their diet. Look for mixes that include a variety of seeds such as millet, canary grass seeds, and sunflower seeds. Ensure the seeds are fresh and free from dust or debris.

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: Fresh produce like leafy greens (spinach, kale, Swiss chard), fruits (apples, pears, berries), and vegetables (carrots, bell peppers) provide essential vitamins and minerals. These items should be offered regularly to add nutritional diversity to their diet.

Commercial Pellet Diets: Specially formulated parakeet pellets can be an excellent addition. These pellets are designed to provide a balanced mix of nutrients and can help ensure your parakeet receives all the essential vitamins and minerals.

Clean, Fresh Water: Access to clean and fresh water is crucial for parakeets. They drink and bathe in it, so be sure to change their water daily.

Occasional Treats: Offer occasional treats like millet sprays or small amounts of nuts and seeds as rewards, but keep these in moderation to prevent obesity.

The best approach to parakeet nutrition involves variety and balance. By offering a mix of seeds, fresh produce, pellets, and occasional treats, you can ensure your parakeet receives a well-rounded diet that supports their overall health and longevity. Always monitor their preferences and consult with a veterinarian for personalized dietary advice if needed.

Do parakeets need to eat everyday?

Parakeets have a very active metabolism and can easily become ill if they go without food for 24 hours. Parakeets should be provided with a staple diet of fresh parakeet seed or pellets daily. Be sure to check the food dish daily, as they will only eat from the top of what is offered.

Yes, parakeets do need to eat every day to maintain their health and well-being. These small birds have high metabolic rates, and their nutritional needs require a consistent source of food to function properly. Here are some key points to consider regarding their daily dietary requirements:

Metabolism: Parakeets have fast metabolisms, which means they burn calories quickly to support their active lifestyles. As a result, they need a regular intake of food to provide them with the energy they require.

Preventing Starvation: Skipping meals or leaving your parakeet without food for an extended period can lead to hunger, malnutrition, and even starvation. It’s crucial to offer them a consistent source of nourishment.

Nutrient Intake: Parakeets require a variety of nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, proteins, and carbohydrates, to maintain their health. Daily meals help ensure they receive these essential nutrients regularly.

Hydration: In addition to food, parakeets also need access to clean and fresh water every day. They use water not only for drinking but also for bathing, which is essential for feather health.

Behavioral Health: Regular feeding also supports their natural foraging behavior, which can be mentally stimulating and enjoyable for parakeets.

To keep your parakeet healthy and happy, provide a consistent daily feeding routine. Ensure their food and water dishes are clean and filled with fresh supplies daily, and monitor their eating habits for any signs of changes in appetite or health issues.

Is milk bad for parakeets?

Things like milk and ice cream or heavy cream are those types of dairy to have too much lactose in them and they’re not recommended for birds.

Yes, milk is not suitable for parakeets and should be avoided in their diet. Parakeets are lactose intolerant, which means they lack the necessary enzymes to digest lactose, the sugar found in milk and dairy products. Feeding milk to parakeets can lead to digestive problems, including diarrhea and stomach discomfort.

It’s essential to provide parakeets with a diet that aligns with their natural nutritional needs. Their primary sources of nutrition should come from seeds, fresh fruits, and vegetables, as well as commercial parakeet pellets designed to meet their specific dietary requirements.

If you want to offer your parakeet a source of calcium, consider providing cuttlebones or mineral blocks specifically designed for birds. These can help support their calcium needs without causing digestive issues.

Always be cautious about introducing new foods into your parakeet’s diet, as sudden dietary changes can upset their digestive system. Stick to a well-balanced diet based on their natural preferences and dietary requirements to ensure their health and well-being. Avoid feeding them foods that can potentially harm their digestion, such as milk and other dairy products.

What To Feed Parakeets

What are the key elements of a parakeet’s diet?

The key elements of a parakeet’s diet consist of a variety of foods that together provide the essential nutrients necessary for their health and well-being. Here are the primary components:

Seeds: High-quality seed mixes are a staple in a parakeet’s diet. These mixes typically include seeds like millet, canary grass seeds, and sunflower seeds. Seeds are a source of essential fats, proteins, and carbohydrates, offering energy and nutrients for daily activities.

Fresh Fruits: Fresh fruits such as apples, pears, and berries are rich in vitamins, particularly vitamin C, which is crucial for parakeets. These fruits also provide dietary fiber and antioxidants that support their overall health.

Vegetables: Leafy greens like spinach, kale, and Swiss chard are excellent choices. These vegetables supply essential vitamins, particularly vitamin A, and minerals. Including vegetables adds variety and nutritional balance to their diet.

Commercial Pellets: Specially formulated parakeet pellets provide a well-balanced mix of essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and proteins. They are designed to meet the specific dietary requirements of parakeets.

Clean Water: Fresh, clean water should be available at all times. Parakeets use water for drinking and bathing, so it is vital for hydration, digestion, and feather maintenance.

Occasional Treats: While not a primary element, occasional treats like millet sprays or small amounts of nuts and seeds can be offered in moderation. Treats should not replace regular meals but can add excitement to their diet.

Balancing these key elements is crucial to ensure that your parakeet receives the necessary nutrients for optimal health. It’s essential to observe your parakeet’s preferences and dietary habits, adjusting their diet if needed, and consult with a veterinarian for guidance on their specific nutritional requirements.

Why should parakeet owners include fresh fruits and vegetables in their bird’s diet?

Parakeet owners should include fresh fruits and vegetables in their bird’s diet for several compelling reasons:

Nutritional Diversity: Fresh fruits and vegetables offer a wide range of essential vitamins and minerals that complement the nutrients found in seeds and pellets. This diversity helps prevent nutrient deficiencies and ensures a well-rounded diet.

Vitamins and Antioxidants: Fruits and vegetables, such as leafy greens, carrots, and berries, are rich sources of vitamins like vitamin A, C, and K. These vitamins are crucial for maintaining a parakeet’s overall health, supporting their immune system, and promoting proper feather development.

Dietary Fiber: Many vegetables provide dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and prevents constipation. Fiber also supports a healthy digestive system, which is essential for overall well-being.

Hydration: Fruits and vegetables have high water content, which helps keep parakeets hydrated. Proper hydration is vital for their overall health, as it supports various bodily functions and can prevent issues like kidney stones.

Behavioral Enrichment: Introducing fresh foods can stimulate natural foraging behaviors in parakeets. It encourages mental engagement and adds variety to their diet, making mealtime more interesting.

Taste and Texture: The different tastes and textures of fresh foods can be appealing to parakeets, making mealtime enjoyable and satisfying for them.

While fresh fruits and vegetables are essential components of a parakeet’s diet, it’s crucial to introduce these foods gradually, monitor their preferences, and ensure that the offerings are clean and free of pesticides. With the right approach, including these nutritious foods can significantly contribute to the health and happiness of your parakeet.

Are there any foods that parakeets should absolutely avoid?

Yes, there are several foods that parakeets should absolutely avoid, as they can be harmful to their health. It’s essential to be aware of these foods to ensure the well-being of your pet parakeet. Here are some items to steer clear of:

Avocado: Avocado contains a toxin called persin, which is toxic to birds and can lead to severe health issues, including cardiac distress and death.

Chocolate: Chocolate contains theobromine, a substance that is toxic to parakeets and can lead to digestive problems, seizures, and even death if ingested.

Caffeine: Caffeinated beverages like coffee and tea should never be given to parakeets, as caffeine can be lethal to them, causing heart issues and nervous system problems.

Alcohol: Alcohol is toxic to birds, and even a small amount can lead to serious health problems, including liver damage and respiratory distress.

Sugary, Salty, and Fatty Foods: Foods high in sugar, salt, or fat, such as candy, chips, and processed human snacks, are not suitable for parakeets. These can lead to obesity, diabetes, and other health issues.

Bones: Avoid giving your parakeet poultry or other animal bones. They can splinter and cause choking or internal injuries.

Seeds and Pits from Certain Fruits: Avoid giving your parakeet the seeds and pits of fruits like apples, cherries, and peaches, as these may contain cyanide compounds.

Spoiled or Moldy Food: Always provide fresh and clean food. Moldy or spoiled food can be toxic and harmful to your parakeet.

It’s crucial to maintain a safe and nutritious diet for your parakeet by providing foods that align with their specific dietary needs and avoiding any items that could be harmful. When introducing new foods, observe your parakeet’s reaction and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns about their diet or potential toxicity.

How often should parakeets be given treats, and what are suitable treat options?

Treats can be a fun addition to a parakeet’s diet, but they should be offered in moderation to maintain a balanced and healthy feeding routine. Parakeets are small birds, so treats should only make up a small portion of their overall food intake. Here’s a guideline on how often to give treats and suitable options:

Frequency: Limit treats to about 10% or less of your parakeet’s daily food intake. This equates to a small treat given once or twice a week. Overindulgence in treats can lead to obesity and nutritional imbalances.

Millet Sprays: These are a popular and well-loved treat among parakeets. They can be hung in the cage for your bird to nibble on.

Fruits: Small portions of fresh, parakeet-safe fruits like apples, pears, and berries can be offered occasionally.

Vegetables: Similar to fruits, you can provide small amounts of parakeet-friendly vegetables such as carrots, bell peppers, and leafy greens.

Nut Treats: Tiny bits of unsalted, raw nuts like almonds or walnuts can be given as an occasional treat. Nuts are calorie-dense, so offer them sparingly.

Commercial Bird Treats: You can find commercially available parakeet treats in pet stores. These are formulated to be safe and enjoyable for your bird.

Homemade Treats: You can make homemade treats like birdie bread using parakeet-friendly ingredients. Be sure to follow safe recipes to avoid harmful additives.

Remember to monitor your parakeet’s reaction to treats and ensure they don’t fill up on them at the expense of their main diet. Treats should be a small, enjoyable supplement to their regular meals, contributing to their mental stimulation and happiness without compromising their health.

What To Feed Parakeets


Understanding what to feed parakeets is paramount to providing optimal care for these vibrant and charming birds. A well-rounded diet plays a vital role in maintaining their overall health, longevity, and happiness.

The cornerstone of a parakeet’s diet is a high-quality seed mix. This mix should encompass a variety of seeds, including millet, canary grass seeds, and sunflower seeds, providing essential nutrients and energy. However, it’s essential to remember that a seed-based diet alone is not sufficient to meet their complete nutritional needs.

To create a balanced and nutritious diet, fresh fruits and vegetables should be introduced regularly. Leafy greens like spinach, kale, and Swiss chard, along with fruits such as apples, pears, and berries, offer crucial vitamins, minerals, and fiber. These additions contribute to a diverse and well-rounded meal plan, preventing nutrient deficiencies and promoting good health.

Incorporating commercial parakeet pellets into their diet is another effective way to ensure they receive a balanced mix of essential nutrients. These pellets are specially formulated to meet the specific dietary requirements of parakeets, providing a convenient and reliable source of nutrition.