How To Train A Pigeon – Training pigeons can be a fascinating and rewarding endeavor, offering a unique opportunity to work with these intelligent and adaptable birds. Pigeons, often associated with urban landscapes and iconic city squares, have demonstrated remarkable abilities in navigation and problem-solving. While they are not as commonly trained as some other domesticated animals, pigeons can learn a variety of tasks and behaviors, making them engaging subjects for training.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the art of training pigeons, from understanding their natural instincts to developing effective training methods. Whether you are a pigeon enthusiast, a wildlife rehabilitator, or simply intrigued by the idea of working with these birds, this guide will provide you with valuable insights into the training process.

Our journey will encompass various aspects of pigeon training, including the selection of suitable pigeons, creating a conducive training environment, and employing positive reinforcement techniques to teach specific behaviors. We will also delve into the fascinating world of pigeon intelligence, communication, and navigation abilities, shedding light on the factors that make them exceptional candidates for training.

Training pigeons can serve various purposes, from enhancing their welfare in captivity to utilizing their homing abilities for scientific research or even participating in pigeon sports such as pigeon racing. Regardless of your motivation, this guide aims to equip you with the knowledge and tools to establish a strong foundation for successful pigeon training.

How To Train A Pigeon

How long does it take to train a pigeon?

About 8 weeks

Gradually during the course of the multi-week training period, you’ll release the young pigeon from points farther and farther away from the loft entrance, and from a variety of locations. This trains the bird to fly home from any release point. The homing instinct is established at about 8 weeks.

The time it takes to train a pigeon can vary significantly depending on several factors, including the individual pigeon’s temperament, the complexity of the behaviors or tricks you are trying to teach, and the amount of time you can dedicate to training each day. In general, basic training commands such as recall and target training may take a few weeks to a couple of months for a pigeon to grasp consistently. These commands are fundamental and serve as building blocks for more advanced training.

If you’re aiming for more complex behaviors or tricks, such as navigating obstacle courses or performing specific tasks, it can take several months or even longer to achieve reliable results. Remember that pigeons have their own pace of learning, and it’s essential to be patient and avoid rushing the process.

Consistency in training sessions is crucial. Regular, short sessions are often more effective than infrequent, lengthy ones. Pigeons thrive on routine and repetition, so maintaining a structured training schedule can accelerate the learning process. Additionally, positive reinforcement and a nurturing environment will play a significant role in how quickly your pigeon responds to training efforts.

The key to successfully training a pigeon is to focus on building a strong bond, creating a positive and consistent training routine, and being patient throughout the process. While it may take some time and effort, the rewards of a well-trained pigeon and the unique bond you develop with your feathered companion make the journey well worth it.

How do you get a pigeon to trust you?

Feed them while sitting motionless. Try to do it while there are only a few people around (so that pigeons will be less alert). Do it daily at a certain time for a few months. Eventually, birds will start recognizing you, and will be willing to come near.

Building trust with a pigeon is a gradual process that requires patience, consistency, and a gentle approach. Here are some steps to help you earn a pigeon’s trust:

Spend Time Near Them: Begin by spending time near the pigeon’s enclosure or location without making any sudden or threatening movements. Allow the pigeon to become accustomed to your presence.

Offer Food: A surefire way to a pigeon’s heart is through its stomach. Offer them small, tasty treats like seeds or grains from your hand. Initially, you may need to toss the food nearby and gradually work up to hand-feeding as the pigeon becomes more comfortable.

Move Slowly and Calmly: Pigeons are naturally cautious birds, so avoid sudden movements or loud noises that could startle them. Move slowly and calmly when you’re around them to establish a sense of safety.

Respect Their Space: It’s important to respect the pigeon’s personal space. Give them the choice to approach you rather than forcing interaction. This helps build trust as the pigeon learns they have control over the situation.

Consistency: Consistency is key to building trust. Visit the pigeon regularly at the same times each day, so they come to expect your presence and associate it with positive experiences like food and companionship.

Speak Softly: Talk to the pigeon in a soft, soothing voice. Over time, they may become accustomed to your voice and associate it with safety.

Avoid Aggressive Gestures: Never make aggressive or threatening gestures towards the pigeon, as this can shatter trust and make them fearful.

Trust-building with pigeons, like any animal, takes time. It may take days or even weeks for a pigeon to fully trust you, depending on their individual temperament. The key is to be patient, consistent, and gentle in your approach, allowing the pigeon to develop a positive association with your presence over time.

Is pigeon easy to learn?

Pigeons are smart, easy going birds that quickly learn household routines. They do fine in homes with other pets and can live peacefully and unafraid with dogs and cats as long as they are kept safe.

Pigeons are generally considered to be relatively easy to train, especially when compared to some other bird species. They possess certain characteristics that make them amenable to learning and training:

Intelligence: Pigeons are surprisingly intelligent birds. They have been used in various studies and experiments due to their ability to learn and remember tasks. This intelligence makes them receptive to training.

Strong Memory: Pigeons have a strong memory and can retain information about commands, behaviors, and even navigation routes for extended periods. This memory helps in reinforcing their training.

Social Animals: Pigeons are social animals and tend to form bonds with their human trainers or caregivers. This social nature can facilitate the training process as they are more likely to respond to positive reinforcement and cooperation.

Food Motivation: Pigeons are highly motivated by food, which makes them eager to work for treats. Positive reinforcement through food rewards is an effective way to encourage desired behaviors during training.

Basic Commands: Basic commands like recall (coming when called) and target training (touching a designated object) can be taught relatively quickly to most pigeons. These commands serve as building blocks for more advanced training.

While pigeons may be considered easy to train for basic commands and behaviors, more complex tasks or tricks can take time and patience. Each pigeon is unique, and their learning pace may vary. Consistency in training, a positive and nurturing approach, and an understanding of their individual temperament are crucial for successful pigeon training. With dedication and the right techniques, many people find that pigeons can be wonderful and trainable companions.

How To Train A Pigeon

Which food is good for pigeons?

Generally speaking, the pigeons that dominate our cities and urban environments will eat almost anything, from insects to leftover food we throw out. Wild pigeons will eat whatever nature throws their way. Again, this includes insects such as worms and ants, as well as seeds, fruits, berries and vegetables.

Providing the right food for pigeons is essential for their health and well-being. Pigeons are primarily granivorous birds, meaning their natural diet consists of grains and seeds. Here are some dietary guidelines for feeding pigeons:

Seeds and Grains: Pigeons thrive on a diet of various seeds and grains. Common choices include cracked corn, wheat, millet, barley, and sunflower seeds. You can find commercial pigeon feed mixes that provide a balanced blend of these grains.

Pigeon Pellets: Commercial pigeon pellets are formulated to meet their nutritional needs. These pellets are convenient and ensure that pigeons receive a well-balanced diet. However, they should be supplemented with other foods for variety.

Fresh Greens: Pigeons can benefit from a small portion of fresh greens and vegetables like lettuce, spinach, peas, and corn. These provide essential vitamins and minerals. Ensure that the greens are clean and free from pesticides.

Grit and Minerals: Pigeons need grit, such as small pebbles or crushed oyster shells, to aid in the digestion of hard seeds. You can also provide mineral supplements specifically designed for pigeons to ensure they receive all necessary nutrients.

Clean Water: Access to clean, fresh water is vital for pigeons. Make sure their water source is regularly cleaned and changed to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

Avoid Bread: Contrary to popular belief, bread is not a suitable food for pigeons. It lacks essential nutrients and can lead to nutritional deficiencies if pigeons consume it regularly.

Limit Treats: While occasional treats like fruit or small amounts of bread can be offered, they should not make up a significant portion of a pigeon’s diet. Excessive treats can lead to an unbalanced diet.

The nutritional needs of pigeons can vary depending on factors like age, activity level, and health. It’s a good practice to consult with an avian veterinarian or a bird expert for specific dietary recommendations, especially if you plan to keep pigeons as pets or are caring for injured or rescued pigeons. Providing a balanced diet is crucial for their overall health and longevity.

What are the fundamental steps to establish trust and build a strong bond with a pigeon during training?

Establishing trust and building a strong bond with a pigeon is crucial for successful training. Here are the fundamental steps to achieve this:

Spend Time Near Them: Begin by spending time near the pigeon’s enclosure or location without making any sudden or threatening movements. Allow the pigeon to become accustomed to your presence. Sit quietly nearby and observe their behavior. Avoid sudden gestures or loud noises that may startle them.

Offer Food: One of the most effective ways to gain a pigeon’s trust is through food. Offer them small, tasty treats like seeds or grains from your hand. Initially, you may need to toss the food nearby and gradually work up to hand-feeding as the pigeon becomes more comfortable. This process associates your presence with positive experiences.

Speak Softly: Talk to the pigeon in a soft, soothing voice. While pigeons may not understand your words, the tone of your voice can help create a sense of calm and security. Over time, they may become accustomed to your voice and associate it with safety.

Respect Their Space: It’s crucial to respect the pigeon’s personal space. Give them the choice to approach you rather than forcing interaction. This helps build trust as the pigeon learns they have control over the situation. Avoid reaching out to touch them until they willingly approach you.

Consistency: Consistency is key in building trust. Visit the pigeon regularly at the same times each day, so they come to expect your presence and associate it with positive experiences like food and companionship.

Be Patient: Building trust with a pigeon takes time. Be patient and allow the bird to progress at its own pace. Every pigeon is unique, and some may be more wary or timid than others. Avoid rushing the process, as trust is built on a foundation of comfort and familiarity.

By following these fundamental steps and approaching the pigeon with patience, gentleness, and respect, you can gradually build trust and establish a strong bond. Over time, the pigeon will come to see you as a source of safety and companionship, making the training process more effective and enjoyable for both of you.

How can positive reinforcement techniques be effectively employed to encourage desired behaviors in pigeons?

Positive reinforcement techniques are highly effective for encouraging desired behaviors in pigeons during training. By using rewards and incentives, you can motivate pigeons to repeat specific actions. Here’s how to employ positive reinforcement effectively:

Identify Rewards: Determine what rewards or reinforcers your pigeon finds most appealing. Pigeons are typically highly motivated by food, so seeds, grains, or small treats like peas or corn can be excellent rewards. Ensure that the rewards are something the pigeon values and is willing to work for.

Timing is Crucial: Timing is essential in positive reinforcement. Deliver the reward immediately after the desired behavior occurs. This helps the pigeon make a clear connection between the action and the reward. The closer the reward follows the behavior, the more effective the reinforcement.

Consistency: Be consistent in your use of rewards. Whenever the pigeon performs the desired behavior, provide the same type of reward and use a consistent cue or command. This consistency helps the pigeon understand what is expected of them.

Shaping Behavior: Break down complex behaviors into smaller, achievable steps. Reward and reinforce each incremental progress toward the desired behavior. This technique, known as shaping, allows the pigeon to learn gradually and with less frustration.

Use Verbal Praise: Along with food rewards, use verbal praise in a gentle and encouraging tone. Pigeons may not understand the words, but they can recognize the positive tone in your voice, which reinforces their behavior and strengthens your bond.

Avoid Punishment: Positive reinforcement focuses on rewarding desired behaviors rather than punishing unwanted ones. Avoid scolding or punishing the pigeon, as this can create fear and hinder the training process. Instead, redirect their attention to the desired behavior and reward it when they comply.

Fade Out Rewards: As the pigeon becomes proficient in a behavior, gradually reduce the frequency of rewards. This process, known as “fading out rewards,” helps ensure that the pigeon continues the behavior even when rewards are less frequent.

Positive reinforcement techniques create a positive training environment, motivate pigeons to learn, and strengthen the bond between you and the bird. By consistently rewarding desired behaviors, you can effectively shape their actions and achieve your training goals while maintaining a harmonious and enjoyable training experience for both you and your pigeon.

What role does consistency play in the training process, and how can a structured training routine enhance a pigeon’s learning?

Consistency plays a pivotal role in the training process when working with pigeons, as it contributes to a more effective and efficient learning experience. A structured training routine enhances a pigeon’s learning in several significant ways:

Predictability and Trust: Consistency creates a predictable environment for the pigeon. When training sessions occur at the same time and follow a similar pattern, the pigeon becomes more comfortable and anticipates what to expect. This predictability fosters trust because the pigeon feels secure in a structured environment.

Reinforcement of Behavior: Pigeons, like many animals, learn through repetition and reinforcement. When you consistently reward desired behaviors and provide cues or commands in a consistent manner, the pigeon begins to associate those actions with positive outcomes. This repetition reinforces the behavior you want to encourage.

Reduced Confusion: A structured routine helps reduce confusion for the pigeon. When training is haphazard or inconsistent, the pigeon may struggle to understand what is expected of them. In contrast, a clear and structured routine provides the pigeon with a better understanding of the training process and the specific behaviors you’re targeting.

Progress Tracking: Consistency allows you to track the pigeon’s progress more effectively. You can measure their performance and determine when they are ready to move on to more advanced behaviors or commands. Without a structured routine, it can be challenging to assess the pigeon’s development.

Maintaining Interest: Pigeons, like any learner, benefit from a sense of routine and purpose. A structured training schedule keeps the pigeon engaged and interested in the training sessions. It provides mental stimulation and prevents boredom or frustration, which can occur when training lacks structure.

To create a structured training routine for your pigeon, establish consistent training times and session lengths. Use the same cues or commands for specific behaviors, and always reward the pigeon for correct responses. Gradually introduce new commands or behaviors as the pigeon becomes proficient in the basics, and ensure that training sessions are spaced regularly to reinforce learning.

By incorporating consistency and structure into your pigeon’s training regimen, you create an environment that promotes trust, reinforces behaviors, reduces confusion, tracks progress, and keeps the pigeon engaged and motivated. These elements together contribute to a successful and enjoyable training experience for both you and your feathered companion.

How To Train A Pigeon

What are some basic commands or behaviors that serve as a foundation for more advanced pigeon training?

Establishing a solid foundation of basic commands and behaviors is essential when training pigeons, as these serve as building blocks for more advanced training. Here are some fundamental commands and behaviors that lay the groundwork for more complex training:

Recall (Come When Called): Teaching a pigeon to come to you when called is a fundamental command. Start in a quiet and enclosed area, call the pigeon by name or with a specific cue, and reward them with a treat when they come to you. Recall is vital for ensuring the pigeon’s safety and enabling more advanced training sessions.

Target Training: Target training involves teaching a pigeon to touch a specific object, often a stick or a colored target with their beak. This behavior serves as a versatile foundation for more advanced tricks and behaviors. You can guide the pigeon to specific positions or locations by using the target as a reference point.

Perching: Training a pigeon to perch on your hand or on designated perches is a useful and straightforward behavior to establish trust and cooperation. It also allows for easier handling during health checks or other interactions.

Stay or Perch in Place: Teaching a pigeon to stay in a designated spot or perch on command is essential for their safety and can be helpful during training sessions. This command can prevent them from wandering off or getting into unsafe situations.

Step Up/Down: Getting a pigeon to step onto your hand or a perch when requested is another foundational behavior. This command helps with handling and transportation, making it easier to move the pigeon as needed.

Positive Crate Training: Training a pigeon to enter and exit a crate or carrier voluntarily can be invaluable for transport or visits to the vet. Positive crate training involves associating the crate with positive experiences, such as treats or short, enjoyable trips.

Potty Training (Optional): Some trainers choose to potty train pigeons to reduce mess during training sessions or when pigeons are indoors. This involves recognizing the pigeon’s natural cues before they eliminate and encouraging them to do so in a designated area.

By mastering these basic commands and behaviors, you create a strong foundation for more advanced pigeon training. These skills establish trust, communication, and cooperation between you and your pigeon, making it easier to teach more complex tricks or behaviors in the future. Remember to be patient, use positive reinforcement consistently, and adapt your training methods to suit your pigeon’s individual learning pace and temperament.

How To Train A Pigeon


Training a pigeon is a fascinating and rewarding endeavor that requires patience, consistency, and a deep understanding of these intelligent birds. Throughout this guide, we have explored the essential steps to successfully train a pigeon, from building trust and establishing a strong bond to teaching basic commands and advanced behaviors.

First and foremost, trust and a strong bond between you and your pigeon are the foundation of any successful training. Spend time with your pigeon, feed them by hand, and create a positive and nurturing environment. This will foster a sense of security and cooperation between you and your feathered friend.

Next, consider the importance of positive reinforcement. Pigeons respond well to rewards such as treats, praise, and affection. Use these incentives to reinforce desired behaviors and make the training experience enjoyable for your pigeon. Consistency is key when training a pigeon. Develop a clear and structured training routine, and stick to it. Repetition and consistency will help your pigeon understand what is expected of them and facilitate faster learning.

Begin with basic commands such as recall and target training, gradually progressing to more advanced tricks or behaviors. Always break down complex tasks into smaller, manageable steps to prevent frustration for both you and your pigeon.