How Long Do Doves Live: The graceful presence of doves has long captivated the human imagination, their gentle coos serving as a soothing backdrop to our lives. These birds, often associated with peace and love, hold a special place in cultures around the world. Yet, beyond their symbolic significance, there lies a curiosity about their lifespan. Just how long do doves live? This seemingly simple question opens a door to a world of fascinating biological intricacies.

Doves, scientifically classified as members of the family Columbidae, encompass a wide range of species, each with its own unique characteristics and habitats. While some species, like the Mourning Dove, are commonly found in North America, others, such as the Victoria Crowned Pigeon, hail from distant lands like Papua New Guinea. This diversity in geographical range and habitat preferences contributes to the varying lifespans observed among different dove species.

How Long Do Doves Live

Understanding the lifespan of doves requires a closer examination of their environment, diet, and reproductive patterns. Factors such as access to food sources, natural predators, and human interference play crucial roles in shaping their life expectancy. Additionally, the resilience of these birds in adapting to changing climates and landscapes has a direct impact on their longevity.

We will delve into the intriguing world of doves, shedding light on the factors influencing their lifespan. By gaining insight into these delicate creatures, we not only satisfy our curiosity but also deepen our appreciation for the delicate balance of life in the avian realm. Let us embark on this journey to uncover the secrets of the doves’ longevity and the wonders that lie within their existence.

How long does a white dove live?

Life Span. In a zoological setting, one dove was know to have lived 25 years. In the wild they don’t live as long, only 10-15 years.

White doves, like other domesticated pigeons, have a lifespan that can vary based on factors such as genetics, diet, and living conditions. On average, a well-cared-for white dove can live between 10 to 15 years in captivity. However, with exceptional care and ideal living conditions, some doves have been known to surpass this range and live into their twenties.

In the wild, the lifespan of a white dove tends to be shorter due to various natural challenges and predators. They are exposed to environmental risks, such as harsh weather conditions and competition for resources, which can significantly affect their longevity. In the wild, it is uncommon for doves to exceed 5 to 10 years.

The life expectancy of a white dove, therefore, is greatly influenced by the level of care it receives. Providing a balanced diet, a safe and clean living environment, and regular veterinary check-ups can contribute to a longer and healthier life for these elegant birds. Additionally, companionship and social interaction with other doves can positively impact their overall well-being. By offering proper care and attention, owners can help ensure that their white doves live a fulfilling and extended life.

How long do mourning doves live?

About 2 to 4 years

The average lifespan for a mourning dove is about 2 to 4 years, but some individuals may live as long as 10-15 years. Mourning doves can be found within Oklahoma borders throughout the year. However, like other migratory species, the number present during any season can fluctuate dramatically.

Mourning doves, scientifically known as Zenaida macroura, are a widespread and adaptable species of dove found throughout North America. In the wild, their average lifespan typically ranges between 1.5 to 5 years. However, under optimal conditions, some mourning doves have been known to live up to 13 years. 

Various factors influence their longevity. Predation, disease, and environmental hazards are primary threats in the wild, significantly impacting their lifespan. Additionally, habitat quality and availability of food resources play vital roles in their survival. 

In captivity, where they are shielded from many of the natural dangers they face in the wild, mourning doves tend to live longer. Provided with proper nutrition, a safe environment, and regular veterinary care, they can thrive for well over a decade.

It’s worth noting that these birds are known for their monogamous mating habits, often forming long-lasting pairs. Their gentle cooing calls and graceful flight patterns make them a cherished presence in many regions. Overall, while mourning doves face various challenges in the wild, with appropriate care and a secure environment, they can lead relatively long and fulfilling lives.

How Long Do Doves Live

Do doves love for life?

Mourning Doves Mate for Life

It’s fairly common to see two mourning doves cuddling with each other. Mating pairs are monogamous and often mate for life.

Yes, doves are renowned for their strong and enduring monogamous relationships. Once a pair of doves forms a bond, it is typically a lifelong commitment. This behavior has earned them a symbolic association with love, fidelity, and peace in various cultures and traditions.

Dove pairs engage in elaborate courtship displays, including cooing, mutual preening, and synchronized movements, to strengthen their bond. Once a pair establishes a connection, they work together to build nests and raise their young. Both parents take active roles in incubating eggs and caring for the chicks.

Interestingly, if one member of a dove pair passes away or is separated, the surviving partner may experience a period of mourning. In some cases, they may eventually find a new mate, but this process can take time.

This extraordinary commitment to partnership sets doves apart in the avian world. Their devotion to one another, coupled with their graceful and peaceful demeanor, has made them potent symbols of love and unity in various cultures worldwide.

In essence, doves exemplify the idea of lifelong devotion, making them a cherished emblem of enduring love and commitment. Their behaviors and symbolism continue to captivate and inspire humans across generations.

What happens when one dove dies?

If a Mourning dove’s mate dies, they will seek out a new mate when appropriate, i.e., before the start of the next breeding season. In rare cases, single bereaved Mourning doves help other pairs build nests and incubate chicks in what’s known as cooperative breeding.

When one dove dies, it can have a profound impact on the dynamics of the flock or pair to which it belonged. Doves are highly social birds known for their strong pair bonds, and in some species, they form close-knit family groups. The death of a dove can trigger a range of responses within the group. 

The surviving doves may exhibit signs of distress or mourning. This can include cooing mournfully, decreased activity, and even decreased appetite. Doves are known for their gentle and sensitive nature, and they can form strong emotional attachments to their flock members. The loss of a mate or companion can be emotionally challenging for them.

In cases where a dove was part of a breeding pair, the remaining dove may experience a period of confusion and loneliness. Breeding pairs often work together to care for their eggs and young, and the absence of one partner can disrupt this delicate balance.

Doves may adapt to the loss by forming new bonds or strengthening existing ones with other flock members. However, the death of a dove serves as a reminder of the intricate social and emotional lives of these birds, highlighting their capacity for grief and resilience in the face of loss.

What is the average lifespan of doves?

The average lifespan of doves varies depending on their species and environmental factors. In general, doves are known for their relatively long lifespans compared to some other bird species. Typically, the average lifespan of a dove can range from 5 to 15 years in the wild, but they can live longer in captivity.

For example, the Mourning Dove, one of the most common dove species in North America, has an average lifespan of around 5 to 13 years in the wild. However, some Mourning Doves have been known to live up to 25 years in captivity. Similarly, the Eurasian Collared Dove, another widely distributed species, has an average lifespan of 7 to 15 years in the wild but can live longer when provided with proper care in captivity.

Environmental factors such as predation, disease, and food availability can significantly affect the lifespan of doves in the wild. In captivity, where these factors are controlled, doves have the potential to live longer, healthier lives.

It’s important to note that these are average lifespans, and individual doves may have shorter or longer lives based on their specific circumstances. Overall, doves are admired not only for their gentle nature but also for their ability to grace our skies and gardens for many years.

How Long Do Doves Live

How many years can doves typically live?

Doves, known for their graceful presence and soothing cooing, typically have a lifespan that varies depending on their species, habitat, and whether they are in the wild or captivity. On average, doves can live anywhere from 5 to 15 years. However, it’s important to note that this is a general estimate and there are exceptions both above and below this range.

In the wild, doves face numerous challenges that can impact their lifespan. Predators, environmental factors, and limited access to consistent food sources can all contribute to shorter lifespans. For instance, the Mourning Dove, a common species in North America, generally lives about 5 to 13 years in the wild.

In contrast, doves kept in captivity tend to have longer lifespans. When provided with a stable environment, a balanced diet, and protection from threats like predators and harsh weather, captive doves can often exceed their wild counterparts in terms of lifespan. Some individuals have been known to live well into their 20s or even longer.

The lifespan of a dove can be influenced by various factors, but their serene presence and gentle demeanor continue to captivate bird enthusiasts and nature lovers for years, making them a beloved addition to gardens and aviaries alike.

What is the maximum age a dove can reach?

The maximum age a dove can reach depends on various factors, including its species, environment, and whether it is in the wild or in captivity. While doves are generally known for their relatively long lifespans compared to some other bird species, pinpointing an exact maximum age can be challenging due to individual variability.

In the wild, doves face a range of challenges such as predators, disease, and limited access to consistent food sources, which can impact their longevity. On average, many wild doves live anywhere from 5 to 15 years, with variations among species. For example, the Mourning Dove, a widespread species in North America, typically lives about 5 to 13 years in the wild.

In captivity, doves often have the potential to live longer, healthier lives. When provided with a stable and protected environment, proper nutrition, and care, some doves have been known to reach ages well beyond their wild counterparts. It’s not uncommon for captive doves to reach their 20s or even older in some cases.

While there might not be a precise maximum age for all doves, their potential for longevity, gentle nature, and soothing presence make them cherished companions in aviaries and a symbol of peace and serenity in gardens around the world.

Do different dove species have varying lifespans?

Indeed, different dove species exhibit varying lifespans, reflecting the diversity within this avian family. Doves, with their gentle cooing and elegant plumage, encompass a wide range of species, each adapted to distinct ecological niches and environmental conditions. Consequently, their lifespans can differ significantly.

For instance, the Mourning Dove, a common North American species, typically lives for about 5 to 13 years in the wild. Contrastingly, the larger and more robust Victoria Crowned Pigeon, native to Papua New Guinea, can achieve lifespans of up to 25 years in captivity due to reduced predation and access to consistent nourishment.

In addition to size, other factors such as habitat, diet, and predation pressures play pivotal roles in determining dove lifespans. Doves that inhabit more stable and secure environments often enjoy longer lives. Furthermore, captivity can further extend their lifespans, with some doves exceeding 20 years under optimal.

How Long Do Doves Live


Doves are remarkable creatures that grace our world with their gentle presence. Their longevity is a testament to their ability to adapt and thrive in various environments. With an average lifespan ranging from 15 to 25 years, doves have evolved to withstand the challenges posed by nature. This extended lifespan allows them to form deep and lasting bonds with their partners, showcasing the strength of their social connections.

The longevity of doves also highlights the importance of responsible pet ownership for those who choose to bring these birds into their homes. Providing them with a safe and nurturing environment, along with a balanced diet and regular veterinary care, can significantly contribute to their overall well-being and lifespan.

Understanding the lifespan of doves offers us a unique perspective on the delicate balance of nature and the intricate web of life that surrounds us. It reminds us to cherish and respect all forms of life, no matter how small or seemingly common. As we marvel at the graceful flight of doves and appreciate their gentle cooing, let us also reflect on the wisdom they carry within their years.

In the end, the longevity of doves serves as a poignant reminder of the beauty and resilience of the natural world. It encourages us to be stewards of our environment, ensuring that future generations can continue to be enchanted by the timeless presence of these magnificent birds.